Intersexin biology, an organism having physical characteristics intermediate between a true male and a true female of its species. Although there were terms in various Indigenous languages to describe third and fourth genders i. Please try again later.
The term berdache was also applied to individuals who were anatomically different, such that they did not fit the European definition of male or female, and were judged as freaks of nature, monsters, and deviants. Pre-Colonial Uses of the Term Different Indigenous cultures have their own variations of the term two-spiritbut all of these terms have historically been used to describe similar traits embodied by two-spirit people including gender variance, specialized work roles, same-sex attraction and spiritual identity. In the early s, as part of an effort native american transgender berdache reclaim traditions, Indigenous peoples sought to find a word or phrase originating from an Indigenous community to replace native american transgender berdache. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. As colonization continued, berdache people and traditions were pushed out.
Significance Two-spirit organizations, individuals and the term itself mark berdache return to Indigenous cultural traditions that have historically recognized more native two genders. The term two-spirit is translated from the words niizh manidoowag american transgender, from Ojibwa, a subgroup of the Algonquian language. Two-spirit organizations, individuals and the term itself mark a return to Indigenous cultural traditions that have historically recognized more than two genders. Reclaiming Two-Spirit Identity A key aspect of the two-spirit movement has been to reclaim pre-colonial traditions. Renowned Cree artist Kent Monkman has given a voice to two-spirit communities.
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